Ulster is a historic province in the northeast of Ireland. The greater part of Ulster is the so-called Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom, the smaller part belongs to the Republic of Ireland. This division comes from Ulster in 1920 and since 1922 is the international boundary. Yet, sometimes called Ulster Ulster.
Hooligan scene in "Northern Ireland" is very different from what can be found in England, Scotland or Wales. This scene is extremely politicized since its inception and football "Northern Ireland" was another area where the widened street fighting between loyalist and republicans. In addition to the hooligan scene in Northern Ireland influenced the terrorist organization.
In the 60 he was a football in the country that gave the world George Best. Glentoran FC, a club from East Belfast, was the first after the lawn Georg Best running back and where he began his notoriety. And the stadium was then thousands of spectators at each game.
But the whole scene since the mid 90 years up to the present disintegrated and interest in football had fallen. Today is worth mentioning the two most popular clubs of the scene - Glentoran and Linfield, which goes barely more than a thousand spectators per game. The rest is like being in attendance will receive over five hundred spectators per match.
It's Football League, which can be described as an amateur or semi-professional, also currently has no audience favor. And if viewers do not go, they can easily control the British authorities.
Most clubs playing in the "Irish" Premier League (the second oldest league in the world after the English) comes from Belfast (Donegal Celtic FC, Cliftonville FC, Crusaders, Linfield FC and Glentoran FC), which complement other teams from other cities, such as Portadown, Newry and Dungannon.
Some fans in Northern Ireland claim that the decrease of interest in Northern Irish football is the emergence of the British sports channel Sky Sports, when most of the Northern Ireland football fans began massively to monitor the transfer of British Premier League and lost interest in the Irish.
Politics uncompromisingly divides the whole society and the Northern Ireland football it could not be avoided. And the mere athletic rivalry is enhanced by the religion, which is between the Catholic and Protestant clubs.
Currently in Northern Ireland "Premier League" several football clubs which are Catholic: Newry City FC, Donegal Celtic FC and Cliftonville FC. Last of these is the most important of them having come a radical Catholic fans.
These clubs were two other Catholic clubs: Belfast Celtic, one of the biggest clubs and frequent winner "Irish" Premier League and Derry City FC. Belfast Celtic proirsky was strongly nationalistic and 20s of the last century swept Tribune political violence. However, it was dissolved after the events that happened December 26, 1948, when the end of the traditional Christmas game fans invaded the pitch and attacked Linfield Celtic player, whereby the attacker broke his leg Celtic Jimmy Jones and the club decided to withdraw from the league. (The club had played then no competition, just friendly matches).
Derry City FC is based in Derry, Londonderry officially, but already at birth club refused to carry the official "British" city name in its title. Derry is considered a bastion of Irish nationalists and the club was widely supported by Catholics. Northern Ireland has long played league, it even won the 1964-65 season (the Northern Ireland won three cups) but its history significantly affected unrest in Northern Ireland, which broke out in 1969. After complicated Scramble with authorities and Northern Irish football associations (especially the possibility to play the Brandywell Stadium), which was a strong nationalist and religious undertones, Derry City, the club decided in 1972 to leave the Northern Irish league system. A-team was disbanded and 13 years had only junior club team. Finally, in 1985 joined the league of the neighboring country, the Republic of Ireland, which received special permission to FIFA and UEFA.
Popular and traditional Catholic community sports are football and rugby. And as the flagship of the Catholic community is a club Cliftonville FC.
Cliftonville FC was founded in 1879 on the northern outskirts of Belfast. It is the oldest club in Northern Ireland. Here he met Catholics. And supporters of this club are among the most extremist-oriented fans in Ireland, although at this club is no organized group hool. Therefore, it stands at the stadium "Solitude" (Loneliness) swarming with people who are involved in groups of Sinn Fein and the IRA, a people belonging to the radical wing of the Republican Party and who, flying the flag in support of ETA ( Euskadi Ta Askatasuna - Basque aa freedom - Basque left-wing terrorist organization operating in Spain).
Loyalists groups in BelfastEdit
Although it would be expected that severoiské Protestant clubs will stick together, the opposite is true among those clubs, and there is strong intolerance.
This is not only because of these clubs are organized hooligan groups, but especially because of disputes between Protestant paramilitary organizations that have carried over to football. And as you can read below, sometimes hooligans and members of these organizations are the same people.
The most important and best-known Northern Irish club in what hooligans and hooliganism is concerned Linfield FC. The club was founded in 1886 in south Belfast as "athletic club Linfield." For its establishment were linfieldské workers milling company. Linfield FC with Cliftonville FC, FC Glentorian and Lisburn Distillery were the founders of the highest "Irish" football competition. Linfieldský stadium is called "Windsor Park" and here plays its matches representations of Northern Ireland. In addition, the only purely Linfield FC hooligan group in the "Northern Ireland" and that the group "Section F".
Section F - LinfieldEdit
Group "Section F" was founded in the late 70th years, when it assembled and Bootboys skinheads, who at that time went to Linfield FC (Belfast in the 70s had a strong skinhead scene associated with the Protestant community). Right from the beginning, "Section F" highly politicized group that supported the organization as a "National Front" in the 80 years and "Combat 18" in the 90 years. Group "Section F" are directly linked to the Protestant paramilitary group the UDA (Ulster Defence Association, The - Since 1973, Britain banned terrorist organization). It is no exaggeration to say that the bleachers linfieldském "Windsor Park" was used to recruit terrorists to UDA. At present political situation in "Northern Ireland" so tense and so former members of the UDA used for ventilation football violence.
What fobalu concerns, so the group "Section F" is associated with two hooligan groups that are proloyalist - "Headhunters" from Chelsea and sadly disappeared from the Inter City Firm Glasgow Rangers (these three clubs are known friendship "Blues Brothers").
Keeping Linfield FC but they have long worked on making club had a significant reputation loyalistického club. So they went directly against his most loyal fans, who come from predominantly sectarian neighborhoods Shankill Road and Sandy Row, and jerseys to Linfield disappeared orange - the traditional color of the Protestant community.
Linfield FC addition there are two other boards with Protestant groups, where the hooligans located. They are Glentorian FC and FC Portadown.
Glentorian FC was founded in 1882 in east Belfast and most of his fans is centered around Newtownards Road - one of the sectarian and violent neighborhoods Protestant Belfast.
While fans of Linfield FC are supporters or members of the UDA organization for fans Glentorian FC does the same with the UVF (Ulster Volunteer Force). The most radical supporters of FC Glentorian operates in the "Legion 1882". This group is inspired by the Italian model of radical fans, unlike its main rivals - Linfield FC fans who lead the classic British model hooliganism.
Loyalists hooligans outside BelfastEdit
When in search of organized hooligan groups leave Belfast and other Protestant stronghold of the club Portadown FC.
Located in a predominantly Protestant town of Portadown, which lies south of Belfast. When the club Portadown FC in the stadium bleachers "Shamrock Park" meets a group called "The Red Terrace." This is a group that has a Linfield FC fans and especially fans of FC Glentorian unfinished business.
Belfast rivalry between groups is of course a political dispute. In Portadown was founded in 1996 in a split * UVF paramilitary group and created a new group "Loyalist Volunteer Force" (LVF), led by local activist Billy Wright. This division has been a thorn in loyalistům from Belfast, especially Glentorian FC fans who support the UVF. And so the hostility between these groups persists today.
Video of riots between Glentoran and Linfield: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C0xpFNp7hYs&feature=player_embedded